The EU Green Deal and the Future of the european labour market: Which challenges and opportunities ?

Research Paper by Eleonora LAMIO

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This paper wishes to analyse how the European Green Deal will impact the future of the European labour market, by looking at both the challenges and opportunities that it offers.

#EuropeanGreenDeal, #futureofwork, #labourmarket, #justtransition, #sustainability


Abstract

Europe has the aspiration of becoming the first climate-neutral continent in the World by 2050. This objective is necessary to ensure a sustainable and long-lasting economic and social growth. To reach this target means embracing many opportunities, but also several challenges. Indeed, achieving climate neutrality is a long-term goal with horizontal implications related to all aspects of our societies, including and especially the labour market. How will the future of work look like in a climate-neutral Europe? The green transition as outlined in the European Green Deal will impact the labour market. On one hand, it will have a positive impact, such as the creation of many new and smart jobs. On the other hand, it engenders also several challenges, such as the need to re-skill and up-skill workers, to create a more digitalised job market, to trigger the transition of entire regions whose’s production is related to high intensive industries, to adapt social protection systems as well as to prevent disparities in workers’ rights, etc. Overall, this transition should be just and fair in order to avoid exclusions and disparities. The European Commission has already deployed tools to support this, such as the Just Transition Mechanism. This paper wishes to analyse how the European Green Deal will impact the future of the European labour market, by looking at both the challenges and opportunities that it offers.


About the author

Eleonora Lamio works in Brussels as a project manager and policy officer for Diesis Network. She graduated cum laude both from a Bachelors’ degree within the University of Trieste, and from a Master within the LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome. Thanks to several life experiences abroad (Chile, India, Italy, France, Canada, and Belgium) she is curious, open-minded, dynamic and she fluently speaks Italian, French, English, and Spanish. Her field of knowledge are social affairs and social policies, in particular social economy, employment and education.