Democracy and ecological transition: Towards a holistic and citizens approach

IED Research Paper by Tsvetelina Tsvetanova / Wijsbroek


English Version

French Version

Executive Summary

The report looks at the crucial intersection between ecological transition, energy transition and democracy, highlighting the essential role of democracy for a successful ecological transition. 

The report highlights how climate change is exacerbating global crises, affecting sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, health and water supply, as well as exacerbating social conflict and population displacement. The report then explores different approaches to managing these challenges, including Solow and Lomborg's environmental optimism, Duflo and Banerjee's economic growth as a means of fighting poverty, and alternative perspectives such as green growth and green degrowth. He stresses the importance of balancing growth and degrowth, and the vital role of democracy in achieving this. Examining the role of international institutions in climate governance, the report highlights the need for greater involvement of citizens and civil society, and for greater accountability and transparency. It also analyses the specific context of climate change in Europe and France, highlighting specific initiatives such as the European Green Deal and local French initiatives. Finally, the report explores the notion of democratic ecological transition, focusing on deliberative and participatory democracy, the role of digital technologies, the importance of ecological education and sobriety as a democratic principle. It concludes by addressing the challenges of democracy in the ecological transition, including short-term political cycles, insufficient representativeness and the role of lobbying.

#sustainable development, #SDG, #citizens, #ESG, #participatory democracy, #climate, #resilience, #growth

About the author

Tsvetelina Tsvetanova / Wijsbroek is an expert in the field of sustainable development/ESG at international level. She has teaching experience with the Jules Verne University in Amiens, as well as senior management experience in the private sector in France and Bulgaria. Her professional expertise lies in the field of equality and diversity, with the development of various tools and publications in France. She also has management experience as director of a business club in France, which has enabled her to work in partnership with a number of companies.

As an expert in sustainable development, she has been involved in drawing up various reports, notably with the Organization International de la Francophonie, as well as reports produced by civil society initiatives at international level. She is the author of the first "White Paper on the Circular Economy and Sustainable Development in the Balkans". She has also set up training programs in the field of ecological transition in partnership with European universities. She is currently involved in setting up strategies, policies and tools for measuring ESG factors in the private sector.

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