The Future of Voting – How ICT impacts voting and what to do about it?

Research Paper by Ardita Driza Maurer



How can we approach the possible digital future of voting to make sure that it will comply with the principles of free and democratic elections?

Democracy and elections, like any other field, have seen a steady increase in the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the past 20 years. The development and use of ICT solutions in elections should obey to the principles of democratic and free elections, namely universal, equal, free, secret and direct suffrage. Making sure that this is the case implies several steps that will be analysed in this paper.


About the author

Ardita Driza MAURER is an independent legal consultant. She contributed as lead expert to the Council of Europe CM Guidelines on the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in electoral processes in Council of Europe member States, adopted on 9 February 2022. She was lead expert for the Committee of Ministers Recommendation Rec(2017)5 on standards for e-voting and related Guidelines. The Council of Europe has done pioneering work, being the only international organisation to have issued guidance to the attention of member States on regulating of use of ICT solutions in elections.

#ICTinelections #evoting #ecounting #eregisters #electoralprinciples #constitutionalconformity